Solution-Processed Photovoltaics: Opportunities provided by Use of Material Science Tools
Abstract: In the past decade, significant progress has been made in the fabrication of organic photovoltaic devices (OPVs), predominantly due to important improvements of existing materials and the creation of a wealth of novel compounds. Many challenges, however, still exist. Real understanding of what structural and electronic features determine, for instance, the short-circuit current (Jsc), open-circuit voltage (Voc) and fill factor are still lacking; and the role of charge transfer states and which charge transfer states are critical for efficient charge generation are still debated. Here we discuss relevant structure/processing/performance interrelations using classical polymer processing ‘tools’. We present a survey on the principles of structure development of this material family and how it can be manipulated, with focus on how to control the phase morphology and important interfaces (molecular and between different phase regions). Goal is to tailor and tune the final ‘morphology’ towards establishing correlations with relevant device characteristics. Examples are given based on polymer:fullerene solar cells as well as solution-processed perovskite structures.
Bio: Natalie Stingelin (Stutzmann) FRSC is a Full Professor of Functional Organic Materials at the Georgia Institute of Technology, with prior positions at Imperial College London, the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge; Queen Mary University of London, the Philips Research Laboratories, Eindhoven; and ETH Zürich. She was awarded a Chaire Internationale Associée by the Excellence Initiative of the Université de Bordeaux (2016), the Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining's Rosenhain Medal and Prize (2014) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) President's International Fellowship Initiative (PIFI) Award for Visiting Scientists (2015); she was the Chair of the 2016 Gordon Conference on 'Electronic Processes in Organic Materials' as well as the Zing conference on ‘Organic Semiconductors’. She has published >160 papers and 6 issued patents. Her research interests encompass organic electronics & photonics, bioelectronics, physical chemistry of organic functional materials, and smart inorganic/organic hybrid systems.
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